Coriandrum sativum L. Apiaceae
This species is an annual plant found in the Mediterranean and Caucasus regions. The plant height in Japan is 50 to 100 cm and the flowering period is early summer. The leaf has a characteristic strong smell, but the fruit has a refreshing sweetness. This species is an herb used almost all over the world.
Part used: fruit
Medicinal use: stomachic and digestive actions
Main component: linalool
The dried fruit is used as a spice in the name of ''Coriander Seed''.
This species is called ''xiang cai'' in China and ''phak chii'' in Thailand, and its stem and leaf are used as vegetables.